The book is adapted from Oscar Hammerstein's screenplay for the 20th Century-Fox film released on August 20, 1945. The screenplay was based on an adaptation by Sonya Levien and Paul Green of the novel by Phil Stong. The musical version was remade by 20th Century-Fox. This version was released March 15, 1962). A 1933 non-musical version, based on the novel, was also released by 20th Century-Fox.
The first stage version of State Fair premiered on June 2, 1969 at the Municipal Opera House in St. Louis, Missouri. This version, with book by Lucille Kallen, did not reach Broadway. Revised versions were performed in regional productions ca. 1992. The score of the version which finally made it to Broadway in 1996 closely resembles that of the regional productions,.
A bit of a stir ensued when the 1996 score was nominated for a Tony Award, even though only four of its songs satisfied the criterion of "original songs written for the theatre." (It didn't win.)