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Studio Cast Recordings

No studio cast recordings listed.

Demos & Pre-Production Recordings

  • No demos listed.

Source Material

Based on the 1759 satirical novel Candide by Voltaire


No synopsis listed.

Trivia & History

Following the Broadway run the show was revised by Michael Stewart for a 1958 tour and again for its London premiere in 1959. This was followed by a production at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1966 and a Chicago concert version, revised and directed by Sheldon Patinkin. This led to a 1968 concert performance in New York at Philharmonic Hall (later Avery Fisher Hall) to celebrate Leonard Bernstein's fiftieth birthday. The success of the latter led to a full-scale production in the summer of 1971. This version opened in San Francisco at the Curran Theatre, moved to Los Angeles and then to Washington, DC, where it was the first musical to play the Opera House at Kennedy Center. It closed there without reaching New York.

This show was again revived in 1973 at the Chelsea Theatre Center in Brooklyn in 1973 with a new book by Hugh Wheeler for a six week run. It later transferred to Broadway. New lyrics by Stephen Sondheim were added for this revival.

Revived in 1982 in an opera house version by the New York City Opera. This version was based on the Hugh Wheeler book. In 1988 Leonard Bernstein became involved for the first time since the original version to present a 'final' operatic edition. This version was revised by John Wells and John Mauceri and, working with Bernstein, they restored the order of the musical numbers and included previously cut numbers. The world premiere of this version, produced by the Scottish Opera, took place in Glasgow in 1988. A concert version of this edition, with Leonard Bernstein conducting the show for the first time, was televised and issued on CD (recorced live, but the recording may be taken party from rehearsals).

It was revived again on Broadway in 1997. This production was close to the New York City Opera version, but with some further changes.

In 2010, the Goodman Theatre of Chicago and the Shakespeare Theatre Comany of Washington, DC produced a new version, revised and directed by Mary Zimmerman which played in both Chicago and in Washington, DC. Zimmerman incorporated more of the plot points of the original novella than previous writers had, making a version that was more faithful to Voltaire. Some critics, however, felt that she should have been more faithful to Bernstein.

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Alternate Titles

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